Green Belief

Being without fear ~ Belief modification for dissolving fears

  • Books
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    Books by Robert Chapman

    • Unnecessary Stigma of Schizophrenia [+]
      • Abstract [+]
        This book is dedicated to those of you who have schizophrenia. And, as if that isn‘t enough of a struggle, you struggle also against society‘s negative misunderstandings.

        As well, I dedicate this book to the families of those who have schizophrenia. You also suffer not only the loss of friendships and relationships, but the barrier of stigma prevents you from gaining new ones. You always wonder, who will understand? Who will reject us?

        People with schizophrenia (Consumers of psychiatric services), families, and mental health professionals – we all need to educate others about what schizophrenia is – and isn‘t.

        When we are strong, we share with another that Dad, Mom, or sister or brother, or daughter or son has schizophrenia. Sometimes we may find – and we ought not to be surprised – that when we share this personal information, the other person may say, ―My brother has it, too!‖ You just never know.

        This book is intended to dispel the myths and stereotypes about schizophrenia. My hope is that more and more people will change their image of mental illness.

        Schizophrenia isn‘t the only illness that has myths and misinformation attached to it. Other illnesses such as epilepsy and diabetes have been, and still are, misunderstood.

        With an enormous stigma so strongly attached to mental illness in our western culture, an inevitable secondary illness is created. Not only does a person have schizophrenia, but he has also the rejection and detachment from a society that is misinformed.

        It is a terrible shame that there is shame in being ill. The objective here is to educate. Not only is the person who has schizophrenia affected by misinformation but whole families are too. Humiliation, shame, embarrassment, and guilt – these must disappear. Why? Because the stigma is unnecessary.
        Having had a major mental illness, I encountered stigma in many ways. Even though I recovered from schizophrenia, the stigma remains – it is everywhere.

        You will find stigma where there is no understanding, no education. But you will find the greatest stigma especially where there is misinformation, miseducation.

        For many years I did not want to write about ̳stigma‘. There is and has been so much written about it already. I thought if I‘m tired of reading about it then surely other people are too. But I did write bits and pieces about stigma here and there in articles, newsletters, and in my other books.

        I guess if there is going to be change brought about in eliminating stigma there needs to be more said and written about it. As one who has experienced the stigma attached to mental illness, I share in this book my experiences of, and thoughts about, stigma.

      • Contents [+]
        Dedication / Acknowledgements
        Preface
        About the Author
        What Is Schizophrenia?
        What Is Stigma?
        What Am I?
        Misperceptions and Myths
        • Schizophrenia Is Not a Rare Disease
        • People With Schizophrenia Are Not Dangerous
        • People With Schizophrenia Are Not Weak or Lazy
        • Schizophrenia Is Not Self-Induced / Not Caused By One‘s Parents
        • Misinformation Created By the Symptoms
        Disclosing
        • To My Lady Friend
        • To My Friend
        • To My Daughter
        • To My Audience
        • To My Empathiser
        • A Proud Legacy
        The Questions
        Answering
        Using Simpler Words
        What Can We Do?
        • Saying It Right
        • Respond to Sensationalism in the Media
        • At Work
        • Meet Others Who Understand
        • Help to De-stigmatize Mental Illnesses
        • Inspirations for Speaking
        • Be An Educator
        • Stop Self-Created Stigma
        • The Perpetuating Stigma
        • My Fantasy Advertisement Campaign
        Resources Used

    • On Second Thought
      Eliminating Paranoid Delusions In Schizophrenia [+]
      A Personal Account of Belief Modification and Cognitive Therapy for Telepathy-Like Delusions
      - by Robert Kevin Chapman

      Eleven years of research findings went into this─the author‟s first book in which the efficacy and benefits of cognitive therapy used to modify false beliefs are detailed. Based on the author‟s first-person account.
      • Book Reviews [+]

        “Chapman‟s detailed account explaining how to counter delusions demonstrates a wide and in- depth knowledge of the research literature. His account is remarkable for a number of reasons. The fact that he is able to reveal his thinking is very timely for therapists who are beginning to work with delusional ideas using cognitive behavior therapy. His research and personal account may be helpful to those with similar experiences to explore alternative explanations and counter- arguments for their own false beliefs.


        “A very impressive effort. Many of the ideas in the book are important indeed and will be very helpful to people struggling with delusions.” ─John Strauss, MD (Yale University)

        “Impressive, courageous. I am implementing your delusion reduction techniques with my clients who have improved a great deal using these strategies. I want my clients to read your book and use your strategies to work with me in their therapy sessions.” ─E. S. Larson, Psy. D. (Division of Comprehensive Psychiatric Services, Fulton State Hospital)

        Lucid yet humorous treatment of a serious topic. Required reading for clients, practitioners and researchers in the mental health field. On Second Thought serves as a beacon of hope for those with schizophrenia and those who care for them. —B. James, HHC, Lead Facilitator (Community Holistic Health Counsellors)

        Hopefully, Chapman‟s account will lead consumers to try cognitive behavior therapy and get them a step further along the Assessing Readiness to Recognize and Disclose Delusions scale ─ an assessment tool Chapman himself designed. Ideally this will lead professionals wanting to understand delusions to consult Chapman‟s book. I recommend that this is the best cognitive understanding of how to counter delusions and that researchers in England or here in the US who already see the benefits of Cognitive Behavior Therapy utilize Chapman‟s work as a self-help tool/bibliotherapy in an experimental study.”
        ─J. Baker, Ph.D. (School of Psychology, Florida Institute of Technology) From “A Commentary on Robert K. Chapman‟s First Person Account: Eliminating Delusions,” ─Juanita N. Baker, sent to the Schizophrenia Bulletin, National Institute of Mental Health, VA.
      • Contents [+]
        Chapter 1
        • Introduction
        • Onset Of Illness
        • Initial Insight Into Dissolving My Delusions
        • Mission Statement and Philosophy
        • Speaking of Delusions
        • Hospital, Help Me!
        • Was I Ill?
        • Why Aren't More People with Schizophrenia Recovering?
        • Chemical Imbalance

        Chapter 2
        • Paranoid Thoughts of Impending Doom
        • Visualization
        • Grandiose Thoughts: Do-It-Yourself Castle-Building
        • Imaginary Suicide
        • My Two Page Suicide Letter

        Chapter 3
        • Split Decision
        • What Am I?
        • Identity Crisis On Stage

        Chapter 4
        • Hallucinations — Visual and Auditory
        • Hallucinations Resulting From Previous Expectations of Self
        • Mental Telepathy Compared with Audible/Visual Hallucinations
        • Objective Awareness
        • Hallucination or Spirit?
        • Hallucinations Are a Product of One‟s Own Mind

        Chapter 5
        • An Understanding of Source in Recovery
        • Instant Healing or Gradual Recovery?
        • Misinterpreting Biblical Scripture
        • Demon Possession?
        • Occult Involvement and Psychic Participation

        Chapter 6
        • A Word About Medication
        • Exercising Our Rights
        • Is Taking Medication a Lack of Faith In Source?
        • The Revolving Door Syndrome
        • Medication Is One Part of the Recipe for Recovery
        Chapter 10
        • Assessing Readiness to Recognize and Disclose Paranoid Delusions in Schizophrenia Psychosocial Rehabilitation Principles
        • Who Might Benefit From Cognitive Therapy for Delusions?
        • Expert In One‟s Own Illness
        • Benefits of Dissolving/Diminishing Delusions in Schizophrenia
        • Theory of the Process of Reciprocation in the Formation of Delusions
        • Reciprocated Thought
        • Binges of Wishful Imagination
        • Delusions of Persecution Might Progress This Way
        • Psychic Interest and Who?
        • Base Emotions in Psychic Ambition
        • Projecting Onto Others What We Dislike In Ourselves
        • Seeing One‟s Beliefs as Having Arisen Out of His Life Experience
        • Psychic Seeing and Hallucinations
        • Intention
        • Shame
        • Guilt

        Chapter 11
        • Cognitive Therapy Applied
        • Cognitive Deficits
        • Three Phases To Dissolving Delusions
        • Recognizing Delusions
        • Differences Between Delusional Beliefs and Chosen Beliefs
        • Reality Is
        • Phase 1: Recognizing and Identifying Delusions
        • Why "Telepathy-Like”? — Nuances of ESP
        • Doubting the Validity of Delusions
        • Phase 2: Counter-Arguing Against
        • Delusions
        • Phase 3: Replacing Delusions with Objective Truth

        Chapter 12
        • Investigating Delusions
        • Holding On To Delusions?
        • Explaining Unusual Beliefs About Being Controlled Psychically
        • Delusions of Reference
          Investigating Delusions and Misinterpretations
          Investigating Paranormal-Like Delusions: Cultural Considerations

        Chapter 13
        Afterword The Delusion Figuring It Out For Myself Amazed
        Chapter 7
        The Preconscious Safeguard

        Chapter 8
        • Belief in Telepathy
        • Telepathy Defined
        • Acceptance or Rejection of Psychic Activity?
        • Resistance to ESP
        • Measuring Belief In Psychic Phenomena
        • Opening to One Mind
        • Is Psychic Experience Paranormal or Religious?
        • Repressing Psychic Activity
        • Cause and Effect
        • Other Kinds of Extra-Sensory Experiences
        • My "Sick" Sense
        • Am I Becoming Psychic?
        • Psychic Deception?

        Chapter 9
        • Telepathy Debunked
        • The Literature on Parapsychology: Telepathy or Misinterpretation?
        • Testing For ESP
        • Research Efficacy
        • ESP in Therapy
        • Sensitivity
        • Anticipating Sense
        • What Do I Believe Is Happening
        • Causes of ESP-like Experiences
        • Chemical Causes
        • Psychological Causes
        • Someone Is Thinking Of Me
        • Subconscious Material
        • Dreams
        • Telepathy Is a Two-Way Affair
        • Emotional Alliance
        • Psychological Conditions
        • Levels of Consciousness
        • Projecting
        • Déjà Vu
        • No Weak Arguments, Please
        • Summary of Arguments Against the Concept of Telepathy as Having a Functional Role in Schizophrenic Delusions


    • Mental Telepathy Debunked [+]
      Counter-Arguments Against the Concept of Thought Transmission and Mind-Reading Ideas as Believed to Occur in Paranoid Delusions
      • Introduction [+]
        For many years, proponents of parapsychology exploited schizophrenic delusions as evidence of ESP. This created an obstacle for those trying to dissolve telepathy-like delusions.
        To modify his own paranoid false beliefs, Chapman read all the literature he could find on the subject of mental telepathy slanted toward proving its authenticity. Lesser known alternative explanations for ESP are presented here.

        In order to help people understand the true nature of their telepathy- like delusions, Chapman has attempted to debunk, demystify, and deflate certain popular beliefs about thought-transmission.

        Chapman examines the concept of mental telepathy from his personal experience with paranoid delusions which had telepathy-like themes – thought transmission, thought-broadcasting, thought-insertion and thought-withdrawal. From a schizophrenia point of view, this book is intended to argue against the concept of thought-transmission and perceived mind-reading ideas.

        Chapman compares mental telepathy with hallucinations, psychic bonding with anticipatory senses, and delusional beliefs with chosen beliefs. He discusses telepathy as misinterpretation, ESP as symptom, precognition, psychic deception, belief and disbelief in telepathy, the literature on parapsychology, resistance to ESP, causes of ESP-like experiences including self as cause, body chemistry, subjective thinking, and physical and environmental causes.

        Also discussed is the theory of reciprocation in the formation of delusions, psychical intention, knowing without thinking, eliminating false beliefs, recognizing telepathy-like beliefs, reality awareness, evaluating the “evidence” for ESP, doubting the validity of delusions, counter-arguments against the concept of mental telepathy, investigating telepathy-like delusions, and replacing delusions.

      • Contents [+]
        About the Author
        Introduction


        Part One:
        Telepathy or Misinterpretation?

        • What Is Mental Telepathy?
        • Telepathy-Like Delusions ESP as Symptom or Skill?
        • Grandiosity
        • Precognition?
        • Hallucinations
        • Mental Telepathy Compared with Hallucinations
        • The Medium Hears Something

        Part Two:
        Belief and Disbelief In Telepathy

        • The Literature on Parapsychology
        • Resistance to ESP
        • Mental Conditions
        • Psychic Ties or Anticipatory Senses?
        • Belief By Deception

        Part Three:
        Causes of ESP-like Experiences
        • Psychic Air-Way
        • Self As Cause
        • Chemicals
        • Subjective Thinking
        • Dissociative Identity Disorder
        • Physical and Environmental Causes
        • Subconscious Material
        • Preconscious Medium
        Part Four:
        Theory of Reciprocation in the Formation of Delusions

        • Reciprocal Imaginings
        • Intention
        • To Think or To Know
        • Shame

        Part Five:
        Eliminating False Beliefs In ESP
        • Benefits of Eliminating False Beliefs In ESP
        • Phase 1. Recognizing Telepathy-Like False
        • Beliefs
        • Differences Between Delusional Beliefs and Chosen Beliefs
        • Reality
        • Why “Telepathy-Like”? Nuances of ESP
        • Doubting the Validity of Delusions
        • Phase 2. Counter-Arguing Against Delusions
        • Phase 3. Replacing Delusions

        Part Six:
        Investigating Telepathy-Like Delusions
        • Some Scenarios
        • Evaluating the “Evidence” For Mental
        • Telepathy
        • Some Arguments Against the Concept of Telepathy

        End Notes
        Glossary of Terms

    • Grit, God and Genius [+]

      Grit, God and Genius
      - accepting ourselves, our source,
      and our genius

      by Robert Kevin Chapman
      • Abstract [+]
        In Grit, God and Genius, I mention my difficulties and setbacks and celebrate my victories. Entering into renewed life, I am alive to live with strength and creativity.

        In the Western culture, we have become afraid of, or look down upon, pain and suffering. With the view that pain and suffering is for losers and the weak, we shun ourselves. In Eastern culture, pain and suffering is viewed not as awful but as a celebrated opportunity for renewed life. Even confusion is viewed as a positive phase linking one to certainty. Through confusion comes clarity.

        Because life can be very difficult at times, do you wonder what you can possibly think about in order to stop being so depressed? Do you wonder what you can put your mind to in order to feel better?

        Have you ever needed hope and wondered what God could possibly do to help you? Have you been able to laugh at yourself? Have you wanted to be accepted for your differentness. I dedicate this book to those who want to laugh again, think positively, and to know that they are not separated from God.

        In my research into genius, I try to show how we can accept ourselves and others for our differentness and for what we are in common.
      • Chapters: [+]

        I  Disclosing
        • Myths and Misconceptions
        • Talking About ―Mental Illness‖ ─ History
        • Slowing Down, Non-doing, Meditating
        • Identifying Self, Being
        II  God, Spiritual Stuff
        III  Who Has Genius?
        • How Does Genius Develop?
        • Where Does Genius Occur?
        • When Does Genius Occur?
        • Why Does Genius Occur?
    • Paranoid For Nothing [+]
      A Guide to Eliminating Paranoid Delusions
      ©1997 Robert K. Chapman
      Portions of this book are taken from the book, On Second Thought─Eliminating Paranoid Delusions in Schizophrenia ISBN 0-9698637-0-5
      • Preface [+]
        After writing On Second Thought, a psychologist-friend of mine suggested that I put together a short whimsical How-To book for the consumers of psychiatric services. For them, this would be a guide book - a "Reader‘s Digest" version - that could accompany On Second Thought.
        The reflections contained in this book reflect my personal effort to overhaul my belief system. I have put into concise form what I think people─particularly those with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder─might want to apply to their experience of delusions.

        This book is my attempt at applying art and humour in overcoming false beliefs. Some people might wonder why I would mix humour with the deep and potentially uncomfortable subject of paranoid delusions. Well, it‘s like this: I write a serious book on recovery. I make light of the subject in this book but the intent is the same─to help people. The humour expressed is intended to help people in seeing a delusion scenario in a new light from another view-point. This illustrates the choice there is in recognizing an alternative interpretation or explanation. Even in my workshop presentation, I use humour to talk about what can be a serious and potentially uncomfortable subject. In doing so, this also prevents guardedness in consumers who may already be distrusting and suspicious of people.

        In this book, I try to demonstrate and depict the difference between apparent reality and ultimate reality, and relative truth and absolute truth. This is important in one‘s determination to see and know the truth about what‘s going on in life. This is important in order to rise above confusion, duality and uncertainty. This is important in order to recognize what to believe so that fearful beliefs can be let go and not be believed in again
      • Contents [+]
        Preface
        Assessing Your Readiness to Recognize, Disclose and Modify Delusions

        Assessment: Part 1

        Assessment Objectives
        Creating an Assessment Tool to Assess a Client‘s Readiness
        Psychosocial Rehabilitation Principles Related to Assessing Readiness for Dissolving
        Paranoid Delusions In Schizophrenia
        Definitions Used
        • Delusion Defined
        • Beliefs and Believing Defined
        • Reality Defined
        • Truth Defined
        Prevalence of Paranoid Thinking
        • Who Has Paranoid Thoughts
        • Prevalence of Delusion Types
        Survey of Barriers to the Client
        Acquiring Assistance in Modifying Delusions Medication
        Questionnaire on Delusion Experience to Validate Felt Need and Commitment to
        Modify Beliefs
        • Interpreting Client Commitment to Modify Beliefs
        History: First-Person Account
        Delusion Awareness
        • Delusion Experience and Awareness
        • Analyzing Delusion Experience
        • Relevant Other‘s Perspective on Client‘s Delusion Experience
        • Practitioner‘s Perspective on Client‘s Delusion Experience
        • Client Behaviours
        • Delusion Awareness Summary
        Assessing Tolerability of Paranoid Beliefs
        Belief Modification: Part 2
        Delusion of Reference
        • Diagram: The Five Assumptions in a Delusion of Reference
        • Misinterpreting Behaviour
        • Diagram: Idea of Reference
        • Diagram: ―Why is he looking at me? Misinterpreting Conversation
        • Misinterpreting Happenstance

        Belief Modification: Part 3
        Getting the Truth
        Truth and Reality
        Beliefs Shape Perception
        Perception Choosing What to Believe─Assessing Awareness of Choices and Readiness to Choose in the Intent to Modify Beliefs
        Approaching Delusions
        Belief Modification Applied
        • Diagram: Belief Shift
        I Am the One Doing the Thinking
        Doubt
        Doubtful Scenarios
        Mistaken Thoughts
        "How?" Inquiry
        • Diagram: How can you know people read your mind unless ...?
        Developing Counter-Arguments
        Exploring Alternative Explanations and Interpretations

        Belief Modification: Part 4
        Replacing Delusions
        Mental and Emotional "Telepathy"
        Explaining Causes of Delusions
        Your Gift Behind the Fears

        Endnotes
        Assessment: Part 2

        Level of Doubt Surrounding Delusional Belief
        Describing Alternative Explanations and Interpretations
        Listing Critical Cognitive Skills to Investigate and Evaluate Other Evidence and
        Explanations
        Evaluation of Critical Cognitive Skills Functioning
        Listing Critical Objective Interpretations Skills
        1. Investigative Inquiry
        2. Analyzing Critical Skill Strengths and Deficits Listing Critical Skills
        Readiness for Accommodating Alternative Explanations, Evidence, and Interpretations to Paranoid Beliefs
        Developing Readiness to Recognize and Disclose and Modify Paranoid-Type Delusions

        Belief Modification: Part 1
        What is Belief Modification?
        Belief Modification Efficacy
        • Benefits of Dissolving Paranoid Beliefs
        • Who Might Benefit From Dissolving Paranoid Beliefs?
        Preview of 3-Phase Belief Modification Procedure
        Delusion of Persecution
        • Feeling Paranoid
        • Delusion of Persecution Structure
        • Diagram of cameras/recording devices hidden in walls/ceilings
        • Diagram of figure-head having bubble thoughts of delusion scenarios
        Delusion of Control / Influence
        • Diagram: Analogy of likening thoughts to the electrical lights in a house
        Telepathy-Like Delusions
        • Diagram: Delusion Scenarios Main Theme
        • Thought Transmission / Thought-Broadcasting
        • Thought-Withdrawal
        • Thought-Insertion
        • Somatic Delusion

    • G a sl ig h t [+]
      This is a journal of events of what it was like for Verne to live with his spouse, Anne, who has Schizoaffective Thought Disorder. This experience was indeed a uniquely profound and trying time for the whole family. This is not a success story. Rather, as you read this account, you may feel either angry or depressed, or both. But as is the purpose of bringing this story to light, it is the intention of the author to show the need for greater support for family members in their journey alongside mental illness.
      Reviewers’ Comments:
      • "Not horror, not sci-fi. This is a disturbing real account of a husband trying to cope with his wife’s paranoid delusions.”
      • "Painfully honest.”
      • "Every doctor, every clinician, should have to read this.”
      • "Reinforces the need for education and the promotion of family and spousal support programs.”
      • "No human being should have to go through this by him- or herself.”
      • "Child-care workers will gain insight into what a child of a mentally ill parent deals with.”
    • What Are You?
      - Being What You Are [+]

      "Pick up this little volume and open it anywhere to a reading that will be the one you need to hear at this moment. And say a word or a prayer of thanks for the spirit that is in Robert in his sharing and is in all of us and in all of creation ─ a spirit that unites us and brings blessings in unlimited abundance."
      - Fred Joblin

  • Articles
    Articles
    • Published [+]
      Click on a title to open the description.
      Click on the title again to close it.
      Papers Published
      • “Paranoia and Reasoning,” [+]
        In: Paranoia ─ the 21st-Century Fear, “Paranoia and Reasoning,” D. Freeman and J. Freeman. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008. ISBN 978─0─19─923750─0 pp. 122-125.

        “Chapman’s paranoid delusions were firmly at the most serious end of the mental health spectrum. But there’s nothing marginal about the techniques he used to overcome his illness. They’re relevant to everyone affected by paranoid: mild, severe, and all points in between. Because beating paranoia means changing the way we think, shaking off those negative patterns of reasoning that, almost without our noticing, have become second nature. As Chapman’s account so compellingly demonstrates, paranoid thoughts have to be challenged, tested, and ultimately unmasked.”

        Stacks Image 1073
      • "On Second Thought ─ Eliminating Paranoid Delusions in Schizophrenia" [+]
        In: Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, First Canadian Edition, featuring Chapman’s book, On Second Thought ─ Eliminating Paranoid Delusions in Schizophrenia, Nelson, 2006. ISBN 0─17─641630─7

        “Not only does Chapman provide a lucid account of his illness, but he also provides the reader with insights into the continuing social stigma associated with schizophrenia. “His book contains a strong message of hope for those who have this disorder, their family members, and even for mental health professionals who work with clients who have schizophrenia. On Second Thought is largely a personal account of his courageous journey to full recovery. Chapman clearly describes how he made use of cognitive- behavioural therapy techniques to eliminate his paranoid delusions.

        “Having successfully employed cognitive-behavioural techniques to recover from his illness, Chapman is dedicated to bringing a message of hope to others who are enduring this devastating disorder. In addition to On Second Thought, he has written, researched, and illustrated several books on this subject. He also provides workshops and lectures at which he speaks about how he eliminated his paranoid delusions using cognitive- behavioural coping strategies such as counter-arguing against mind-reading ideas. He has given presentations from Ottawa, Ontario to Oakland, California. A study conducted by researchers at McMaster University provides objective evidence that Chapman’s message inspires hope for recovery among those who have schizophrenia. Specifically, the study showed that having a consumer like Chapman speak about cognitive-behavioural therapy is more effective in instilling hope for recovery than is having a mental health professional provide the same type of lecture. (Zacharias, Goldberg, & Chapman, 1997).

        Stacks Image 1080
      • “Eliminating Paranoid Delusions and Telepathy-Like Ideas In Schizophrenia: A Personal Account” [+]
        “Eliminating Paranoid Delusions and Telepathy-Like Ideas In Schizophrenia: A Personal Account” In: Consumers As Providers in Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Chapter 18. University of Michigan, School of Social Work, International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services, 1997. ISBN 0─9655843─1─3

        This chapter was submitted by Chapman in which he shares his insights on recovery strategies, informing people on how to recover, the benefits and challenges of recovery, and his philosophy of hope for others to eliminate the patterns of paranoid thoughts.
        Stacks Image 1087
      • “First Person Account ─ Eliminating Delusions In Schizophrenia” [+]
        “First Person Account ─ Eliminating Delusions In Schizophrenia,” Schizophrenia Bulletin, Nat’l. Institute of Mental Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2002.

        This article details Chapman’s recognition of the first signs of illness, explaining paranoid fears, receiving treatment, and his questioning and reexamining the validity of his delusions.
        Stacks Image 1094
      • “Community Mental Health Evaluation Initiative ─ Consumer/Survivor Initiatives” [+]
        Community Mental Health Evaluation Initiative ─ Consumer/Survivor Initiatives,” Network Canadian Mental Health Assoc., Ontario Vol. 19 No. 2, 2003.

        “Robert Chapman experienced a serious major mental illness in the early 80s and went on to take a course in Psychosocial Rehabilitation because of his desire to work in the mental health field. Mr. Chapman has been involved as a researcher (Centre for Research and Education In Human Services) in this Community Mental Health Evaluation Initiative project for over six years. He has interviewed consumers [of psychiatric services] for the research study, had input into the design of the questions, and also made several presentations along with the principle investigators.”


        This article focuses on measuring the effectiveness of community-based mental health programs. The emerging findings are that participation in peer support is beneficial to consumers and to family members of ill relatives. Peer support programs are also having a positive impact on communities and systems serving the seriously and persistently mentally ill. Chapman is interviewed and is quoted as saying:

        “This was a pioneering research project. In this longitudinal research study, we studied consumers’ use of self-help groups. Our research could have positive consequences if it shows that self-help groups are a good use of mental health dollars.

      • Self-Management of Psychosis and Schizophrenia [+]
        Self-Management of Psychosis and Schizophrenia,” Visions ─ BC’s Mental Health Journal, Canadian Mental Health Association, No. 18, 2003.
        Chapman is interviewed by the Canadian Mental Health Association ─ BC Division. Chapman’s strategy for testing delusional ideas against reality is featured along with two other positive approaches for self-management.
      • “Talking About Stigma of Mental Illness” [+]
        Talking About Stigma of Mental Illness,” Keystones — Policy and Social Change, Centre for Research and Education in Human Services. Vol. 17, 2004.
        Chapman writes about his talking about the opportunities he creates for people to talk openly and safely about mental illness. His presentations include talking to high school students for the TAMI program (Talking About Mental Illness) made available by the Centre for Addictions & Mental Health. He also works for The Wellness Network in which he educates business employees and employers about the high prevalence of mental illnesses. Chapman has a way of making people feel okay to talk about mental illness:

        “Not only did the woman cutting my hair admit she had a depression some years ago, her co-worker, overhearing, came over. Sweeping my hair as it falls to the floor, she tells me about her suicidal brother. “What do we do? My family can’t cope!” Listening more, she further admits she, too, wanted to end her own life at one time.

        “We’re talking about mental illness ─ reducing stigma with education.

        “For me, schizophrenia was like having my spirit punched out of my being. So I have chosen to do something about reducing the unnecessary stigma associated with it."

      • Eliminating Telepathy-Like Delusions in Schizophrenia ─ A Personal Account [+]
        Eliminating Telepathy-Like Delusions in Schizophrenia ─ A Personal Account” Part 1 and 2 Self-Help & Psychology Magazine. San Diego, CA. Nov. 1999.

        This article provides an overview of Chapman’s belief modification approach to dissolving delusions.
      • “Inspiring Hope: Effects of Cognitive Therapy Lectures Delivered By a Consumer [Robert Chapman]” [+]
        Zacharias C. A., Goldberg J., and Chapman R. “Inspiring Hope: Effects of Cognitive Therapy Lectures Delivered By a Consumer [Robert Chapman],” Submitted Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychological Assoc., Toronto, Canada. In: Canadian Psychologist, 1997.

        “Individuals living with a mental illness are becoming increasingly proactive in teaching others about their illness and in offering hope for recovery through self-help strategies. However, to date there have been no empirical studies that have exemplified the effects of ex-patients communicating hopeful messages about their recovery. In this study, a consumer [R. Chapman] who recovered from paranoid schizophrenia, using self- administered cognitive therapy, presented an account of his recovery to audiences consisting of mental health workers, consumers and their families (N=71). “Questionnaires were administered before, after and again three months following the lecture. Questionnaires measured the audience member’s knowledge, their level of hope, and levels of usefulness for the cognitive therapy techniques.

        “In a control condition, a mental health professional lectured to a separate audience on the use of cognitive therapy as a treatment for schizophrenia (N=40). Pre and post test results confirm that audiences benefited from the consumer lecture. Independent t-test comparisons indicate that audience members would use the cognitive therapy techniques similarly regardless of whether they received the lecture from the consumer or the professional.

        “Both lectures were rated as credible, effective and convincing. However, lectures delivered by the consumer elicited significantly more hope about the potential for recovery from schizophrenia than did lectures delivered by the professional (p<0.01). These results offer empirical support for the role of the consumer as an educator and provider of hope.”

      • “Inspiration Effects of Consumer- Delivered Cognitive Therapy Lectures” [+]
        Zacharias C. A., Goldberg J., and Chapman R. “Inspiration Effects of Consumer- Delivered Cognitive Therapy Lectures,” Submitted Presentation at the Dept. of Psychiatry Annual Research Day, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON 1997.

        Dr. Joel Goldberg, a psychologist at Hamilton Program for Schizophrenia, and Christine Zacharias, a McMaster University psychology student studied the effect Chapman has on audiences in delivering lectures on cognitive therapy. This research study used pre and post presentation questionnaires to measure the impact Chapman’s seminar had on audience participants’ knowledge of cognitive therapy, the amount of hopefulness that the seminar provides, and how useful participants believe cognitive therapy is in eliminating delusional thinking. The results found empirical support that lectures delivered by Chapman as an educator on cognitive therapy for delusions provided significantly more hope about the potential for recovery than did lectures delivered by a professional psychologist.
      • “My Story Part 1-4” [+]
        My Story Part 1-4,” Canadian Mental Health Association—Hamilton Branch, Vol. 1-4 1989.

        This four-part series covers the onset of Chapman’s illness, his hospitalization experiences, and his insights into how to overhaul his paranoid beliefs.
    • Authored [+]
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      Papers Authored
      • Assessing Readiness to Recognize, Disclose and Modify Paranoid Delusions [+]
        Assessing Readiness to Recognize, Disclose and Modify Paranoid Delusions
        Psychosocial Rehabilitation Principles Related to Assessing Readiness Research Design for Assessing Readiness to Recognize and Disclose Paranoid Delusions

        Chapman was given written legal permission (Cohen, M., Farkas, M., Forbess, R., and Cohen, B. (1992). Psychiatric rehabilitation training technology: Rehabilitation readiness. Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Boston University, Boston, MA.) to adapt an assessment tool from a psychiatric rehabilitation readiness technology to be used to measure the client’s readiness to recognize, disclose and modify the presence of a delusion. Clients are those with psychosis (such as delusional disorder and paranoid-type schizophrenia).

        Objectives of the assessment are to:
        • assess readiness for accommodating evidence contradictory to one's false belief. '
        • assess readiness to approach and challenge delusion validity.
        • measure how open a consumer is (accommodation) to consider evidence that contradicts his paranoid beliefs.
        • collect data on barriers identified by a client to accessing assistance to reduce fears associated with her delusions.

        Other areas that the assessment is designed to explore are:
        • Does the client hold an increased sense of commonality and believability listening to, and learning from, a former consumer of psychiatric services (self) than with traditional medical professionals?
        • Does a former consumer of psychiatric services prevent, or minimize guardedness that typically results in attempts to encourage clients to re-evaluate aspects of their delusions?
        • Is there increased success in having a former consumer of psychiatric services elicit delusion presence and material from consumers?
        • Is there a benefit for the client to have opportunity to access delusion elimination techniques provided by a former consumer of psychiatric services?
        • Does the client have an increased readiness to share her delusion scenarios with a former consumer of psychiatric services in efforts to recognize, disclose and modify delusions?
      • Benefits of Diminishing/Eliminating Paranoid Delusions [+]
        Benefits of Diminishing/Eliminating Paranoid Delusions
        This paper lists several benefits to reducing or totally dissolving fear-based beliefs. Such benefits include reduced preoccupation with delusions, reduced, or absence of feelings of paranoia, suspiciousness anxiety and ambivalence, become more socially engaged and integrated into the community, reduced medication, or enhanced medication adherence, corrected perceptions, increased readiness for functional assessment and occupational rehabilitation opportunities, and increased participation in meaningful activities.
      • Barriers to Recognizing and Eliminating Delusions ─ A Data Collection Instrument [+]
        Barriers to Recognizing and Eliminating Delusions ─ A Data Collection Instrument
        This survey seeks to identify any barriers to the client’s readiness to modifying delusions. Barriers include Self, Others, Absence of Resources.
      • Choosing What To Believe ─ Assessing Awareness of Choices and Readiness to Choose In the Intent to Modify Delusions [+]
        Choosing What To Believe ─ Assessing Awareness of Choices and Readiness to Choose In the Intent to Modify Delusions
        Choice (a Psychosocial Rehabilitation Principle) can be perceived as either available or unavailable depending on one’s window of opportunity. Choice is necessary to modify a delusion ─ from the unreal to the real, from the false to the truth.
        Awareness of one’s choices is key if one is to move forward with changes. Change occurs with choice ─ the choice to change one’s perspective which shifts one’s perception. When we want to know the truth of the matter and check with reality, we will want to challenge the validity of fearful beliefs. Fears left unquestioned and unchallenged remain in the mind. Choosing to make inquiry into fear-based beliefs, we can become aware of other choices ─ alternative interpretations and explanations. We always have a choice to see things a different way. Suffering is not our only choice.
        We always have a choice as to where we place our focus. Ours is the power to choose what we give power to.
      • Are Cognitive Deficits Negative Symptoms or Positive Symptoms? Shouldn’t Practitioners Be Teaching Delusion Elimination Techniques Instead of Cognitive Rehabilitation Skills? [+]
        Are Cognitive Deficits Negative Symptoms or Positive Symptoms? Shouldn’t Practitioners Be Teaching Delusion Elimination Techniques Instead of Cognitive Rehabilitation Skills? A Review of 4 Articles on Cognitive Deficits
        Interview
        Related PSR Principles

        There is controversy about whether a cognitive deficit is a negative symptom (reduced function) or a positive symptom (symptom added) — either way it interferes with the client being able to be attentive, concentrate, make choices etc. In subsequent years, Chapman considers whether certain “pathologized symptoms” are deficits or are not yet understood anomalous (unusual) experiences that need to be processed in the light that we are evolving beings of spirit, mind and body. Some people believe that these experiences may be gifts of “higher” functioning. Such examples of this consideration can be found in schizophrenia, autism and Asperger’s syndrome.
      • Belief Modification ─ A Cognitive Therapy [+]
        Belief Modification ─ A Cognitive Therapy
        • Delusions Defined
        • What is Belief Modification and CT?
        • Recipe for Recovery
        • Culture and Delusions
        • Belief Modification and CT Applied
        • CT and Reality
        • Use of Doubt in CT

        This paper attempts to define delusions, belief modification and cognitive therapy, and what recovery is. The benefits of belief modification and cognitive therapy are highlighted. Culture and delusional beliefs are considered. An explanation is outlined on how belief modification can be applied by monitoring reality and using doubt (second-guessing) to validate delusional beliefs.
      • Telepathy-Like Delusion Scenarios ─ Compiled and Categorized with Specific Counter- Arguments, Disconfirming Evidence and Counter-Demonstrations [+]
        Telepathy-Like Delusion Scenarios ─ Compiled and Categorized with Specific Counter- Arguments, Disconfirming Evidence and Counter-Demonstrations
        • Delusion of Reference, Delusion of Influence
        • Delusion Scenarios
        • Misinterpreting a Happenstance
        • Misinterpreting a Conversation Overheard
        • Misinterpreting Behaviours of Others
        • The Concept of Mental Telepathy Compared With Audible/Visual Hallucinations
        • Delusions of Influence ─ Sample Inquiries

        Specific delusion scenarios are described with examples. Pertinent counter-arguments, disconfirming evidence, and/or counter demonstrations are explored. Paranoid delusions of persecution are categorized into two main identifying groups: Delusions of Reference, and Delusions of Influence.
      • Delusion Scenarios and Cognitive Approach [+]
        Delusion Scenarios and Cognitive Approach
        • What Is a Delusion of Influence and Reference?
        • Who Might Benefit from Recognizing and Counter-Arguing Delusions?
        • What Are We Doing to Help People with Schizophrenia Lessen the Impact of Delusions?
        • What Is the Future of Eliminating Delusions in Schizophrenia?
        • Court of Law of Reality — In the Case of True Verses False Delusion Elimination Equation Prevalence of Delusion Types Delusional Beliefs Differ from Non-Delusional Beliefs Why Telepathy-Like?
        • Nuances of ESP Misinterpretation Descriptions of Persecutory Delusions Explanations Why You Say They’re After You. Who Are “They”?
        • Recognizing Delusions
        • Recognizing Areas of Doubt
        • Example Enquiries That Suggest a False Belief
        • Disconfirming Evidence
        • Replacing the Delusion
        • Delusions of Influence — Evidence Against and Counter-Arguments
        • Delusions of Reference — Evidence Against and Counter-Arguments

        Chapman has created a reference manual that categorizes and exemplifies the various delusion scenarios. Each scenario outlined is followed by a cognitive-behavioural therapy tailored to approach and modify them.
      • Mental Telepathy Debunked ─ Counter-Arguments Against the Concept of Thought Transmission and Mind-Reading Ideas as Believed to Occur in Schizophrenic Delusions. Research Into the Fallibility of ESP [+]
        Mental Telepathy Debunked ─ Counter -Arguments Against the Concept of Thought Transmission and Mind-Reading Ideas as Believed to Occur in Schizophrenic Delusions. Research Into the Fallibility of ESP

        A collection of arguments against delusions are listed for consideration. The arguments are designed to diminish feelings of paranoia that typically is associated with delusions. The main debunking effort is focused on the concept of mental telepathy, not the sensing of emotional exchange.
      • Oneness, Fear of Oneness, and Dissolving Fear of Oneness [+]
        Oneness, Fear of Oneness, and Dissolving Fear of Oneness
        This paper is a collection of numerous present-day authors/sages succinctly quoted on oneness, the fears of oneness, and how the fear of oneness might be undone. Interest in this stemmed from Chapman’s work with people’s, and his own, telepathy-like fears, fears of isolation (I/other), and the illusion of separateness from cosmic unity (collective whole).
      • Might Conducting a Delusion Reduction Program Be Harmful to a Consumer? [+]
        Might Conducting a Delusion Reduction Program Be Harmful to a Consumer?
        The intent is to work with the consumer, at her/his own pace consistent with her/his readiness to lead in an approach to explore the validity of delusional beliefs.

        I do not offer false hope. In disclosing my recovery from schizophrenia — my successful elimination of delusions, I explain that the skills which worked for me may be useful for some other people and that the results of these skills may take several months to years to learn.

        A “readiness assessment” is used to assess the consumer's readiness to recognize and disclose any existing delusions she/he might be experiencing. This precedes the second phase which assesses a readiness to change and diminish delusions. The consumer’s consent to undergo a delusion assessment might demonstrate that the consumer has already an awareness of doubt surrounding the validity of paranoid ideas and is interested in an opportunity to be assisted in a course of action designed to investigate fearful beliefs for the purpose of dissolving them.
      • People Do Recover From Schizophrenia ─ Evidence-Based Competency of a Past-Consumer Providing a Psychiatric Rehabilitation Practice [+]
        People Do Recover From Schizophrenia ─ Evidence-Based Competency of a Past-Consumer Providing a Psychiatric Rehabilitation Practice
        Statistical data is collected to show, and highlight the rate of recovery from schizophrenia. Also highlighted are references supporting the efficacy of a former consumer of psychiatric services establishing a practice to assist others to recover. This supplemental article was created
        to emphasize why people could benefit from using the belief modification service provided by the author in addition to their primary health care provider? Some example quotes are:

        “Disclosures [by past clients] related to coping and survival skills have been received better by clients and seem to have a more beneficial effect on their engagement in, and use of [mental health] services.” Davidson L. et al. “Integrating Prosumers into Clinical Settings,” In: Consumers as Providers in Psychiatric Rehabilitation. (1997) p. 446.

        “By increasing a sense of understanding, consumer-providers may help their clients be more receptive to services offered that they might otherwise reject, based on their own negative attitudes or past service failures.” Mowbray, C. T., et al. “Consumers as Providers: Themes and Success Factors,” In: Consumers as Providers in Psychiatric Rehabilitation. pp. 509.

        “Consumer-providers act as role models and provide inspiration to others that rehabilitation is a real possibility. This addresses motivational issues and helps recipients move forward in their own process of recovery. Services delivered by consumers also contribute to the empowerment of recipients.” Mowbray, C. T. et al. “Consumers as Providers: Themes and Success Factors,” In: Consumers as Providers in Psychiatric Rehabilitation. (1997) pp. 507-8.

      • Myths and Misconceptions About Mental Illnesses ─ What Well Intentioned But Ill-informed People Say ... [+]
        Myths and Misconceptions About Mental Illnesses ─ What Well Intentioned But Ill-informed People Say ...
        • Cause of Mental Illnesses
        • Interpretation/Recognition of Cognitive Symptoms Presented/Manifested
        • Interpretation/Recognition of Behavioral Symptoms Presented/Manifested
        • Treatment/Healing/Recovery
        • Medication Use
        • Other Common Myths About Mental Illness
        This paper categorizes the various misconceptions about mental illnesses. There is misinformation about cause, interpretation, and treatment. For the purpose of reducing stigma and demystifying mental illness, Chapman attempts to reveal the truth using correct information.
      • Prevalence of Mental Illnesses [+]
        Prevalence of Mental Illnesses (2 pgs.)
        • Ripple Effect
        • Cost
        • Recovery
        • New Recovery Models
        This paper lists statistics showing the high prevalence of mental illnesses. Eight of the top 10 leading causes of disability in the world are mental illnesses. Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Mental disorders are common and widespread. These statistics are used by the author to show that in order to reduce the stigma around mental illnesses, we need to realize that most people have a mental illness. It is easier to facilitate talk about mental illness when we know that everyone is also affected (ripple affect) either directly or indirectly. The high incidence of recovery from mental illnesses is also highlighted.
      • An Analytic [Philosophical] View of Delusions (Guest consulting Editor) [+]
        Guest consulting Editor, An Analytic [Philosophical] View of Delusions Thesis, P. Franceschi, University of Corsica
        • Delusion as Fallacious Argument
        • Instances of Delusional Arguments
        • Analysis of Delusional Arguments
        • Cognitive Techniques Adapted to Delusional Arguments
        The purpose of this article is to present an account of several types of delusions observed in psychosis. The delusions are regarded as conclusions resulting from mistaken arguments and this leads to suggestions which could allow to reinforce the effectiveness of cognitive therapy.
  • About the Author
    Robert Chapman came out of an extraordinary time in his 20’s. Having more than one near-death experience from a major illness, Chapman was told by doctors that he was not expected to do well. Prognosis for recovery was unlikely. For six years he thought he was going to die at any moment. This, he feels, has much to do with his focus on feeling good moment to moment. Sensitive to emotional energy, Chapman’s choice is to focus on the greatest and most powerful — Love.

    Chapman has been a graphic designer for several years early in his career and then for twenty years since he has been working in the mental health field. Trained in Psychosocial Rehabilitation becoming a Psychiatric Rehabilitation Practitioner, Chapman has been a highly sought after workshop speaker-presenter in the U.S. and Canada. Chapman specializes in belief modification (a branch of cognitive therapy).

    Chapman is the recipient of five S.C.O.P.E. (Supporting Consumer Opportunities for Personal Empowerment) awards. With papers published in prestigious psychiatric journals and periodicals, Chapman continues to offer his services to assist people in remembering their true nature and in creating positive experiences.

    Chapman has a mental health practice in Orillia, Ontario.
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